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Your blood carries oxygen and nutrients to your organs and tissues, and carries waste products to be flushed out of your body. Your kidneys control this process.
Your kidneys do three main jobs:
Kidney diseases can cause abnormalities in each kidney function, for example:
NEPHROS is the Greek word for kidney. Your kidney doctor is called a NEPHROLOGIST because he treats kidney diseases.The tiny structures that do the work in your kidneys are called NEPHRONS. Each of your kidneys contains about one million nephrons. Each nephron has a small blood vessel that brings in unfiltered blood, a GLOMERULUS (glow-mare-Yule-us) that filters the blood, a tubule that caries away filtered waste materials in the urine, and a small blood vessel that returns filtered blood to the body.
Diseases that injure GLOMERULI (plural for glomerulus) are called GLOMERULAR DISEASES. Laboratory analysis of the urine from people who have glomerular disease often shows protein in the urine (proteinuria) and blood in the urine (hematuria).
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